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One of the most critical parts of any electric scooter is the battery. The battery of your eScooter has a significant impact on all aspects, including range, speed, overall maintenance, and even cost per charge.  

If you are in the process of learning more about electric scooters to make the right buying decision, batteries sure deserve your utmost attention. Read this detailed post on electric scooter batteries to make an informed choice and buy the best electric scooter for yourself.

Types of Electric Scooter Batteries 

The battery of the electric scooter functions as its fuel tank. The rechargeable battery stores the power consumed by the motor, controller, lights, and other parts of the scooter. Most of the electric scooters currently available in India feature a lithium-ion or lead-acid battery pack. The selection between these battery types is often most challenging for the buyers. 

Battery capacity is measured in kilowatt-hours (kWh). The bigger the battery capacity, the farther your eScooter will travel. But bigger batteries also mean increased weight and size. 

Lithium-Ion Batteries

Lithium-ion batteries, also known as Li-ion batteries, were introduced around the 1990s. Most people are already familiar with Li-ion batteries as it is the same type of battery used in modern smartphones and laptops. Here are some of the most important things you should know about Li-Ion batteries-

  • Highest power-to-weight ratio compared to all the other types of batteries
  • Higher energy ratio per weight leads to lightweight batteries with higher capacities
  • The lowest self-discharge level allows it to hold a charge for a longer duration
  • Environment-friendly and can be easily recycled
  • Not the cheapest type of electric scooter battery

Lead-Acid Batteries

Lead-acid batteries have been around since the 1850s. As the lead-acid battery technology has evolved over several decades, all the components used for manufacturing these batteries are easily accessible and inexpensive. A few things you should know about lead-acid batteries are as follows-

  • Great reliability and performance
  • Offers higher value for energy and power per kWh
  • Can withstand slow, fast, and overcharging more efficiently
  • Not environment-friendly as it contains lead (a known carcinogen) and sulphuric acid 
  • Highly cost-effective

Lithium-Ion vs Lead Acid Battery Highlights

The chemical make-up of battery cells can vary depending on the type of battery being designed, each with its own particular properties, advantages, and drawbacks. However, here is a look into the key categories where lithium-ion batteries tend to outshine lead-acid varieties:

Parameters

Lithium-Ion

Lead Acid

Cost

Capacity

Range

Charging Time

Shelf-life

Weight

Environment-friendly


What Should You Choose Between a Lithium-Ion and Lead Acid Electric Scooter?

So, which EV battery should you choose for your electric vehicle? Based on the points discussed above, the choice is obvious. Electric scooters powered by lithium-ion batteries make a more economical, practical, cost-efficient, convenient, and eco-friendly alternative to ones equipped with lead-acid batteries.

While lithium-ion batteries are currently more expensive than lead-acid batteries, the difference has reduced considerably in the last few years due to advancements in manufacturing technologies. The same can be expected in the future too, with more brands and manufacturers foraying into the EV space in India. 

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